Ethical hacking is where an individual has authorized access to exploit an IT system in order to determine the weak points and vulnerabilities in its hardware and software securities. Ethical hackers perform hacking based on the direction of the client and give suggestions on how to improve the weakness and vulnerabilities they discover. Ethical hacking has become a tool in the promotion of cyber security. The general discipline of ethical hacking involves the absence of malicious intent while breaking into a secure computer system with the aim of fortified protection after the weak points have been discovered.
The increase in sophisticated cyber attacks, despite the presence of advanced level security technologies, is a contributing reason why the availability of ethical hackers to run penetration tests or check for bugs posing as vulnerabilities are necessary in these organizations. There are countless flaws in many organizations’ security zones and ethical hackers can be deployed or contracted for this. The existence of ethical hackers halts the steady rise of cyber crime and this is very important in today’s world because in the light of terrorism and conflicts, ethical hackers install technologies to protect the system before falling victim to hackers.
Ethical hacking can be a possible threat to an organization because this system of operation is illegal and the technique is infringing on people’s privacy. Also, information gained during penetration tests can be used maliciously. Corruption of files and stored data of an organization is also a possible downside to ethical hacking.
Contracting an ethical hacker will virtually always uncover a vulnerability or discover a weak point. But dealing with that vulnerability might prove unreasonably expensive. Sources believe that sometimes people would rather choose to be oblivious to their security deficiency than actually tackle it. Hence, since it hasn’t proven an active threat, plausible deniability is a better and cheaper choice in their opinion.
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